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Understanding the basics of refinance: A beginner’s guide



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Refinancing your mortgage can be a smart financial move if you want to reduce your monthly mortgage payments, shorten the term of your loan, or access equity in your home. However, refinancing can also be a complex process that requires careful consideration and planning. In this beginner’s guide, we will explore the basics of refinancing and help you understand how to determine whether refinancing is right for you.

What is refinancing?

Refinancing is the process of replacing your existing mortgage with a new one that has different terms, such as a lower interest rate, different repayment terms, or a different lender. The new mortgage pays off the balance of your old mortgage, and you begin making payments on the new loan. Refinancing can help you save money on your mortgage over time and can also help you access equity in your home.

Why refinance?

There are several reasons why you may want to refinance your mortgage. One of the most common reasons is to take advantage of lower interest rates. If interest rates have fallen since you obtained your original mortgage, refinancing can help you secure a lower rate, which can reduce your monthly mortgage payments and save you money over the life of your loan.

Another reason to refinance is to shorten the term of your loan. For example, if you have a 30-year mortgage but want to pay off your loan faster, you can refinance into a 15-year mortgage. Although your monthly payments will be higher with a shorter loan term, you will pay less interest over the life of the loan, which can save you thousands of dollars in the long run.

Finally, refinancing can help you access equity in your home. If your home has increased in value since you purchased it, you can refinance to take out a new mortgage that is larger than your current balance. This can give you access to cash that you can use for home improvements, debt consolidation, or other expenses.

How to refinance?

Refinancing involves several steps, including shopping around for the best rates, filling out an application, and closing on the new loan. Here are the basic steps to follow when refinancing your mortgage:

  1. Determine if refinancing is right for you. Consider your financial goals and the costs associated with refinancing to determine whether it is the right choice for you.
  2. Shop around for rates. Compare rates and terms from several lenders to find the best deal. Be sure to consider both the interest rate and the fees associated with each loan.
  3. Gather your documents. You will need to provide documentation such as pay stubs, tax returns, and bank statements when applying for a new mortgage.
  4. Submit your application. Once you have chosen a lender, you will need to complete an application and provide all of the necessary documentation.
  5. Close on the new loan. After your application is approved, you will need to sign the loan documents and pay any closing costs associated with the new mortgage.

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